Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Why did the First World War have such a disruptive effect on the Essay

For what reason did the First World War have such a troublesome impact on the global exchanging and money related framework - Essay Example Just the USA have won. From the earliest starting point of the 20-th century the unadulterated market (other than it was in numerous regards a theoretical hypothetical structure) started to be enhanced and somewhat to be supplanted with the new open organizations. These organizations had different cause and nature. Every one of them worked, be that as it may, in one course, diminishing a level of private enterprise immediacy with its damaging results as occasional mass vestiges. Other than these new foundations have permitted understanding the rights to the best life, have raised the workers’ share, really making open wealth, in appropriation of an item made by all general public (Ashworth, 1962, p65). At that point there was the First World War. It has happened as a result of the careless goal of the private money to the benefit and has carried numerous sufferings to the countries of the world. After the First World War there were the huge changes for private enterprise. The supposed arrangement of ‘free trade’ has been rearranged in arrangement of interstate understandings. In the casings of national economies the top was taken by solid powers, which comprehended the evil of the hasty rivalry for household monetary structure, above all else for new, dynamic businesses. The old arrangement of the best quality level, which inclined to the partialities concerning estimation of gold, has been supplanted with progressively current global money related framework accepted close coordination of national banks. The hasty rivalry has gotten a commendable offset as the antimonopoly law and, now and again, components of economy arranging. The social privileges of laborers turned out to be better secured - the job of worker's organizations has intensified, in certain nations the components of social assurance, the precursor of the cutting edge frameworks ‘welfare state’ started to show up (Aldcroft, 1978, p68). At that point there was the most dangerous financial emergency for all world history. It happened on the grounds that the obsolete framework ‘laissez

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Guy de Chauliac - Influential 14th-Century Physician

Fellow de Chauliac - Influential fourteenth Century Physician This profile of Guy de Chauliac is part ofWhos Who in Medieval Historyâ Fellow de Chauliac was otherwise called: Guido de Cauliaco or Guigo de Cauliacoâ (in Italian); likewise spelled Guy de Chaulhac Fellow de Chauliac was known for: Being one of the most powerful doctors of the Middle Ages. Fellow de Chauliac composed a significant work on medical procedure that would fill in as the standard content for more than 300 years.â Occupations: PhysicianClericWriter Spots of Residence and Influence: FranceItaly Significant Dates: Born:â c. 1300Died: July 25, 1368 About Guy de Chauliac: Destined to a group of restricted methods in Auvergne, France, Guy was brilliant enough to be perceived for his acumen and was supported in his scholarly interests by the rulers of Mercoeur. He started his investigations at Toulouse, at that point proceeded onward to the much-regarded University of Montpellier, where he got his magister in medicina (experts degree in medication) under the tutelage of Raymond de Moleriis in a program that necessary six years of study. Some time later Guy proceeded onward to the most seasoned college in Europe, the University of Bologna, which had gained notoriety for its clinical school. At Bologna he seems to have culminated his comprehension of life structures, and he may have gained from probably the best specialists of the day, however he never recognized them in his composition as he did his clinical educators. After leaving Bologna, Guy invested some energy in Paris before proceeding onward to Lyons. Notwithstanding his clinical examinations, Guy took blessed requests, and in Lyons he turned into an ordinance at St. Just. He went through about 10 years at Lyons rehearsing medication before moving to Avignon, where the popes were dwelling around then. Some time after May, 1342, Guy was named by Pope Clement VI as his private doctor. He would go to the pontiff during the terrible Black Death that came to France in 1348, and however 33% of the cardinals at Avignon would die from the illness, Clement endure. Fellow would later utilize his experience of enduring the plague and going to its casualties in his works. Fellow spent the remainder of his days in Avignon. He remained on as doctor for Clements replacements, Innocent VI and Urban V, gaining an arrangement as an ecclesiastical assistant. He likewise got familiar with Petrarch. Folks position in Avignon managed him unrivaled access to a broad library of clinical writings that were accessible no place else. He additionally approached the most present grant being directed in Europe, which he would consolidate into his own work. Fellow de Chauliac kicked the bucket in Avignon on July 25, 1368. The Chirurgia magna of Guy de Chauliac Crafted by Guy de Chauliac are considered among the most compelling clinical writings of the Middle Ages. His most critical book is Inventarium seu collectorium in parte cyrurgicali medication, called by later editors Chirurgia magna and in some cases alluded to just as Chirurgia. Finished in 1363, this stock of careful medication arranged clinical information from around a hundred prior researchers, including antiquated and Arabic sources, and refers to their works more than 3,500 times.â In Chirurgia, Guy incorporated a concise history of medical procedure and medication and gave a talk on what he figured each specialist should think about eating routine, careful actualizes, and how an activity ought to be led. He likewise talked about and assessed his peers, and related quite a bit of his hypothesis to his very own perceptions and history, which is the manner by which we know a large portion of what we do about his life.â The work itself is separated into seven treatises: life systems, apostemes (swellings and abscesses), wounds, ulcers, cracks, different sicknesses and the supplements to medical procedure (the utilization of medications, phlebotomy, helpful burning, and so on.). All things considered, it covers about each condition a specialist may be called upon to manage. Fellow underscored the significance of clinical treatment, including diet, drugs, and the utilization of substances, holding medical procedure as a last resort.â Chirurgia magna contains a depiction of an opiate inward breath to use as a balmy for patients experiencing medical procedure. Folks perceptions of the plague incorporated a clarification of two distinct signs of the ailment, making him the first to recognize pneumonic and bubonic structures. In spite of the fact that he has at times been scrutinized for pushing an excess of impedance with the regular movement of the mending of wounds, Guy de Chauliacs work was in any case weighty and phenomenally dynamic for now is the ideal time. The Influence of Guy de Chauliac on Surgery All through the Middle Ages, the orders of medication and medical procedure had advanced freely of each other. Doctors were viewed as serving the general strength of the patient, keeping an eye on his eating regimen and the ailments of his interior frameworks. Specialists were considered to manage outer issues, from severed an appendage to trimming hair. In the mid thirteenth century, careful writing started to develop, as specialists looked to imitate their clinical associates and raise their calling to one of similar regard. Fellow de Chauliacs Chirurgia was the principal book on medical procedure to bring to manage a generous clinical foundation. He passionately upheld that medical procedure ought to be established on a comprehension of life systems for, tragically, numerous specialists of the past had known close to nothing of the specifics of the human body and had simply applied their abilities to the sickness being referred to as they saw fit, a training that had earned them a notoriety for being butchers. For Guy, a broad comprehension of how the human body functioned was unmistakably more significant for the specialist than manual ability or experience. As specialists were arriving at this resolution, too, Chirurgia magna started to fill in as a standard book regarding the matter. To an ever increasing extent, specialists examined medication before applying their specialties, and the controls of medication and medical procedure started to consolidate. By 1500, Chirurgia magna had been deciphered from its unique Latin into English, Dutch, French, Hebrew, Italian and Provenã §al. It was as yet viewed as a legitimate source on medical procedure as late as the seventeenth century.â More Guy de Chauliac Resources: Fellow de Chauliac in Print The connections underneath will take you to a webpage where you can analyze costs at book shops over the web. More top to bottom data about the book might be found by tapping on to the books page at one of the online dealers. The visit dealer linkâ will take you to an online book shop, where you can discover more data about the book to assist you with getting it from your neighborhood library. This is given as a comfort to you; neither Melissa Snell nor About is liable for any buys you make through these connections. The Major Surgery of Guy de Chauliactranslated by Leonard D. RosenmanInventarium Sive Chirurgia Magna: Text(Studies in Ancient Medicine , No 14, Vol 1) (Latin Edition)edited and with a presentation by Michael R. McVaughVisit vendor Fellow de Chauliac on the Web Chauliac, Guy DeExtensive passage from the Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography incorporates a helpful reference index. Made accessible at Encyclopedia.com. Medieval Health Medicineâ Ordered Index Topographical Index List by Profession, Achievement, or Role in Society The content of this record is copyright  ©2014-2016 Melissa Snell. You may download or print this record for individual or school use, as long as the URL beneath is incorporated. Authorization isâ notâ granted to replicate this record on another site. For distribution permission,â pleaseâ contact Melissa Snell.The URL for this record is:http://historymedren.about.com/od/gwho/fl/Guy-de-Chauliac.htm

Tuesday, August 4, 2020

The Ultimate Guide to Personalization

The Ultimate Guide to Personalization When historians write about this period of economic history, they will call it the age of the customer. The age of the customer is a term used to describe the age in which customers are now more empowered than ever before. Today, customers can get more information about more products at the touch of a button. Though it feels common place to most people, this is a truly revolutionary period in a very long history of commerce and trade.Because customers have greater access to products and services than ever before, the competition for their business is also greater than it previously was. No longer limited geographically, it is easy for a customer in Texas to order from an artist in Hawaii. People from all over the world can discover new merchants with the click of a button. However, this also means that they can change their loyalty just as quickly.To combat the huge fluctuations in customer turnover, businesses have turned to relationship marketing to build stronger relationships wit h their customers. One of the fastest growing strategies in relationship marketing is called personalization. © Shutterstock.com | OllyyThis guide will teach you on 1) what is personalization, 2) why customers want personalization, and 3) how to personalize your marketing.WHAT IS PERSONALIZATION?Personalization is a comprehensive strategy that requires a business to calibrate its strategy to be focused on the individual consumer. This is different than segmentation or re-segmentation of a market because even if a market segment is broken down into a smaller segment, it still requires a business to reach a group of people rather than an individual. Thus, when personalization strategists talk about the individual, they really do mean creating an experience that is customized for one individual.Personalization is not about finding a software application to address each consumer individually in an email heading. Although there is something that consumers find comforting about seeing their names, personalization has transcended these simple greetings and has instead opted for a fully customizabl e experience in which every detail from greeting to format to timing is tailored directly to the customer.To make this happen, marketers use the information gleaned from a meaningful customer relationship. When this relationship is used to generate data about an individual, marketers can use this data to create a unique experience for the individual customer.This information might come from facts provided by the customer. The rise of detailed online profiles provides much of this information. For example, Marriott Rewards members can customize their online profiles to include all of their travel preferences right down to the type of pillows they prefer in their hotel room.This information may also be based on the behaviors the customers exhibits or predictions based on the customer’s future needs. Marriott may look at a Marriott Reward’s member’s activity to see which brands they frequently search for. Marriott can see if a member is more interested in the Courtyard brand loca ted in suburban areas or if they are interested in the high end JW Marriott Brand. This activity about past behaviors can not only provide predictions about what kind of hotels that member is interested in. It can help Marriott better sell those hotels by allowing Marriott to alert that member when there is a special offer from the brands and areas they are most interested in.This kind of marketing may at first seem uncomfortable. However, upon further examination, it is easy to see why both customers and businesses find that it is worth the investment. For businesses, content personalization of this nature offers an ROI that is worth adopting. It costs 62% less than traditional marketing methods; yet, it generates almost triple the number of leads. The benefits for customers, however, are more psychological.Find out about the 5 key personalization statistics you should know.[slideshare id=36352150doc=5personalizationstats-140626153253-phpapp02w=640h=330]WHY CUSTOMERS WANT PERSONALI ZATIONLike many marketing trends, personalization began as a luxury item. It was first available to visionaries and those with deep pockets. After all, it costs a lot of money for Marriott to learn about what kind of pillows its loyal customers prefer. The benefit of this kind of individual data was not immediately visible on a business level. When it is considered in the context of the customer, it is invaluable.The value that personalized data offers businesses can no longer be ignored or overlooked. Personalization is now a necessity because the old methods of reaching customers are fizzling out. Old methods have fizzled so much that some marketers debated whether it was more likely that a customer would survive a plane crash than click on a segmented banner ad. This is a bold statement that is mostly false because there are still more people who, willfully or accidentally, click on advertisements than die in plane crashes.But if you think about the last banner ad you saw, you of ten have one of two reactions. The first is that you do not even remember the content of the last banner ad you saw. The second reaction is that you did not find that ad remotely compelling enough to click on it.The poor performance of banner ads is now being compounded by ad blocking software. Now that internet users are blocking ads on their computers and their mobile devices, the time that businesses have to adjust marketing strategies is growing shorter. If you want to reach customers, personalization is now one of the cheapest and most effect methods.Personalization is not the result of a marketing trend made popular by big agencies with deep pockets. Customers today want real engagement. The more personal this engagement is, the more valued it is by customers. They want a business who wants to meet their needs. That business does not need to be a small, boutique business. It can be a huge brand that serves millions of customers.The key is to make it easier for every customer t o find what they want. Customers do not want to feel like they are being “sold”, especially if the pitch is regarding products or services that they have no interest in. Personalization works well here because the strategy feels less like an elevator pitch and more like a helpful hint. However, personalization transcends the sales process in two unique ways.When an experience is tailored to an individual, that individual feels more in control. Even though you are still in control of the customer’s experience, the fact that they feel that they have more control over their outcome has a positive influence on their mindset. This is a huge distinction in the sales process for customers because one of the biggest roadblocks in sales and marketing is the customer’s innate fear of being sold something. Yes, customers want to buy. But they want that purchase to be their decision â€" not yours.Secondly, customers are tired of being fed information they don’t want. Despite greater a ccess to information, customers today have less time to make a purchasing decision. Even high-end purchases are rushed because this is an age where the next model is right around the corner.When companies personalize information for a specific customer’s needs, that customer does not feel like they are being overloaded with information. Instead, the customer feels like they have all the information that they were looking for right in front of them. This relieves a second roadblock on the path to sales. It eliminates the customer’s fear that they will be sold something they never wanted in the first place.Some great learnings from Netflix personalizing their offering.[slideshare id=38659840doc=contentwisewebinar-10lessonsnetflix-140903140643-phpapp02w=640h=330]HOW TO PERSONALIZE YOUR MARKETINGNow that you know more about what personalization is, it is easier to create a marketing plan that fits this structure. A personalization marketing plan will often be broken down into four d istinct parts: targeting the customer, sending the message, executing the strategy and delivering the personalization.Targeting the CustomerPersonalization requires a wealth of customer data. Rather than focusing on market segments, it requires businesses to take on real, individual data. A rich user profile can help marketers achieve this insight.User profiles should not be set up to provide you with basic data like names, income bracket or contact details.Be sure to collect data from the customer that can help you learn more about the customer. This data should be relevant to your product and service as well as easy to collect. Avoid forcing the customer to type too much or push too many buttons. Instead, collect as much information as possible on one page without compromising the utility of the page.For example, an airline would not collect only names and contact details when creating a user profile for customers. It would allow customers to enter details like meal preferences, s eat preferences as well as any further interests that are applicable to the product.This works because it masquerades itself under the guise of convenience. Customers will happily provide a small amount of relevant personal details if it means that their next flight will be enhanced or more convenient in some way.Personalization should not just be informed by online behaviors. Retailers, in particular, should focus on offline behaviors, as well. Both sets of behaviors are required for greater insight and better advertising.To do this, you need to create an ongoing one-on-one relationship between your business and your customer. Relationship marketing only works if a relationship is being fostered over time. This relationship needs to be long term and needs to anticipate customer needs today and tomorrow.Sending the Right MessageThe messages you send to customers must be relevant to the data that you have collected. From a customer point of view, there is nothing worse than providing details to a company only to be spammed about products that the customer is only vaguely interested in.More than this, the language that you use to send the message needs to match the content. You do not want to send a message that sounds like you ran a customer’s data through a software program and came up with a result. Even though this is what happens behind the scenes, that will feel more intrusive to customers. It will also eat away at the personalization goals rather than contributing to them.Furthermore, the tactics you use need to be genuine. Showing customers an ad for something they just viewed on your website is not personalized marketing. It needs to speak to the needs and habits of the individual consumer in a way that captivates them. The goal of your message should be to leave your customer wondering how you knew that they were interested in that product but still being grateful that you found out.Executing the StrategyOnce you have your message, you need to think about execution and timing the message. The timing within which a customer receives the message is almost as important as the message itself.Example: A customer returns to your site regularly to browse the cost of flights from New York to Los Angeles in April. To personalize their messages, you are sending them a personalized message letting them know about new, cheaper services between New York and similar destinations in California. However, you would want to make sure that this message is sent out with plenty of time for them to buy before their travel dates.The key to great execution is to use the data you have to find the exact time that a customer will be most receptive to the message that you are sending. Most people need to take time off of work. They also want time to plan a trip. Offering a personalized ad for a last minute flight to a customer who has been looking at the same flight for six months will probably not result in a purchase.You also want to mix up the timing o f your strategies between an “act now” strategy and an informational message. This allows the customer to allow themselves to take advantage of flash sales occasionally but also allows them to put more planning into their purchase as well. Achieving a balance is a good plan for execution because it does not put too much pressure on the customer but still encourages them to make impulse purchase occasionally.Delivering PersonalizationDelivering the personalized message needs to take place in real-time across several channels. This kind of coordinated approach is necessary for driving interaction between the customer and the business.Delivery is also an important part of executing the strategy. While it is easy to reach millions of people at once, it has simultaneously become harder to reach just one individual. A cross-channel delivery is one of the best ways to deliver personalized messages because it helps ensure that the customer receives the message.  For example, you could s end the airline customer an email and a notification in the airline’s mobile application to better increase the chances of the customer seeing the message and acting on it.  The easier it is to find the message and act on it, the more success the message will have.When you are delivering personalized messages, you should also be considering your follow up message delivery. The amount of follow up you do will depend on the number of messages you intend to send.You want to find a balance between sending enough messages to remind customers about your first message. You want to keep the emails limited enough to make the offers feel exclusive; however, you want to offer reminders as well.CONCLUSIONPersonalization used to be the marketing strategy of the future, but today, it is a tactic that a business should be adopting sooner rather than later. Personalization offers customers all of the benefits that they love about small, local businesses. It allows them to learn about products tha t they are interested in without having to sift through mountains of information. It also allows them to do so in a sphere that feels more private to them than the traditional marketing experience.A great personalized marketing experience should remind a customer of a visit to their local baker. There is nothing better than the baker rewarding your loyalty by setting aside your favorite pastry to make sure that you get one before they run out.Big and small companies can replicate this experience by investing time and money into gathering essential and relevant data about their customers. Whether it is the type of pillows they prefer or the customer’s shoe size, a business of any size can recreate the feeling of getting the very last bear claw straight from the baker’s oven.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

exxon valdez Essay - 503 Words

At four minutes past midnight, on March 24, 1989 the Exxon Valdez crashed into the Bligh Reef located in the northeastern part of the Prince William Sound. The ship was loaded with 1,264,155 barrels of oil. Approximately one-fifth of the cargo was spilt into the sea, which totaled to 11.2 million gallons. Due to strong northeastern winds the oil could not be contained, leaving the water into an emulsion that will not burn and is nearly impossible to remove from the surface. Oil continued to move southwest eventually reaching the Alaskan Peninsula. The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill of 1989 was a significant event, which heightened environmental awareness in both the business and private sectors of the United States. The cause of the spill as†¦show more content†¦On the national level changes were made which heightened environmental awareness as well. The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 was written and passed which raised liability, set up new prevention measures and a response fund. Exxon was fined millions of dollars as a result of their negligence. First they were fined $150 million, the largest fine ever for an environmental fine. Exxon next agreed to a $100 million dollar fine for wildlife damage. Finally in the civil settlement they agreed to pay $900 million dollars over a 10-year period. By imposing these fines the government wanted to make sure nothing like this would ever happen again. The U.S. Coast Guard now monitors all tankers, via satellite as they pass through the Valdez Narrows, around Bligh Island and as they exit the Prince William Sound at the Hinchinbrook Entrance. Prior to the spill tankers were only watched as they cruised through the Valdez Narrows. Two escort ships are now required to follow every tanker and are equipped to assist in the case of an emergency. Only one escort ship was used before the tragedy. Specially trained captains with much experience are now aboard ships during the entire voyage through the Sound, making sure safe navigation practices are used. The debate continues over whether a spill like the Exxon Valdez could be contained with all these new regulations. However the ability of both industry and government to respond has been significantly raised during the last ten years as a resultShow MoreRelatedThe Exxon Valdez Oil Spill1718 Words   |  7 PagesThe Exxon Valdez A corporation has a moral duty to ensure that their products and operations do not cause harm to society and the environment. There are significant factors that must be taken into consideration to ensure the proper response is put forth if disaster rears its ugly head. Many times, when disaster strikes, companies do not always make the appropriate response, or they do not remediate the problem efficiently enough to maximize their efforts. The Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989 is aRead MoreThe Exxon Valdez Oil Spill1090 Words   |  5 PagesThis presentation features the Exxon Valdez oil spill, which significantly affected the environment in and around Valdez, Alaska. In this connection, Group D will explore: the background information of Prince William Sound, the oil business in Valdez and the event of the oil spill. Next, the team defines the problems – that is, the effects of the spill – what damage did it cause. After, we will diagnose the issues – meaning that the group intends to pinpoint the root causes of the problems. The nextRead MoreThe Exxon Valdez Oil Spill1663 Words   |  7 PagesThe Exxon Valdez oil spill was the largest oil spill in U.S history. It was a catastrophic disaster that the U.S swore to learn from. Twenty two years later as the prevention procedures became complacent, the Deepwater Horizon explosion made us re-examine our procedures as a nation. The Deepwater Horizon explosion is now the second worst oil spill in the world following the Gulf War Oil Spill in Kuwait in 1991. The U.S used similar techniques to clean the water as the Exxon Valdez clean up, howeverRead MoreThe Exxon Valdez Left Port1425 Words   |  6 PagesLooking back on the night of March 24, 1989 when the Exxon Valdez left port, it seemed as though the ship had only lasted as long as it had by running on luck and hope. With the company trying to save money and the crew working on fumes, things were headed down a dark path. One of the wonderful t hings about being human is our ability to look back on events that have occurred and learn from them. Unfortunately for Exxon, it took a catastrophic accident like this one to show how operations could beRead MoreThe Exxon Valdez Oil Spill1150 Words   |  5 PagesThe Exxon-Valdez oil spill occurred on March 24, 1989, when the tanker Exxon Valdez, transporting oil from Valdez, Alaska to Los Angeles, California, ran aground on the Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The root cause of the accident was the captain. After passing through Valdez Narrows, pilot Murphy left the vessel and Captain Hazelwood took over the wheelhouse. It was Captain Hazelwood who made the decision to steer the ship off its normal path in order to avoid a run in with ice. ForRead MoreThe Exxon Valdez Oil Spill1581 Words   |  7 Pagestoday. Through the instances of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill, the Kuwait Oil Fires, the Hurricane Katrina devastation and the Sydney Tar Ponds, this paper will develop an argument supporting the idea that governments should be given the responsibility to handle environmental hazards that result from the prior use of resources as well as environmental regulations that are no longer up to standard. Arguments/Examples I. The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill To begin, the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill was a man-made environmentalRead MoreThe Exxon Valdez Oil Spill1999 Words   |  8 PagesPart 1 – Briefly describe the Exxon Valdez oil spill: On March 24th 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground in Prince William Sound Alaska, spilling roughly 10.8 gallons of crude oil polluting over a thousand miles of Alaska’s coast (Gerken, 2014). At its time, it was the worst oil spill in history, lasting for several days. It was caused by the negligence of the captain who was reportedly intoxicated at the time. The oil was very quickly dispersed over a wide area of land because of extremeRead More Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Essay1835 Words   |  8 Pages Exxon Valdez Oil Spill ABSTRACT nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In March of 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. An eighteen foot wide hole was ripped into the hull, and 10.9 million gallons of crude oil spilled into the ocean. In the following weeks, many things transpired. This paper will discuss the cleanup, the damage, and the results of the biggest oil spill in United States history. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;On March 24, 1989, inRead MoreExxon Valdez Oil Spill Essay1855 Words   |  8 PagesExxon Valdez Oil Spill ABSTRACT In March of 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. An eighteen foot wide hole was ripped into the hull, and 10.9 million gallons of crude oil spilled into the ocean. In the following weeks, many things transpired. This paper will discuss the cleanup, the damage, and the results of the biggest oil spill in United States history. On March 24, 1989, in Prince William Sound Alaska, the Exxon Valdez was movingRead MoreThe Exxon Valdez And Bp Oil Spill1309 Words   |  6 PagesHuerta Anth 231 Dr. Pitchon 12/11/12 References Gill, Duane A., J. Steven Picou, and Liesel A. Ritchie. The Exxon Valdez and BP oil spills: a Comparison of Initial Social and Psychological Impacts. American Behavioral Scientist (2011): 3-23. This article was concerned in identifying psychological impact of disasters. The article analyzed the psychological effects of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill and the 2010 BP oil spill. The article discussed how years after these disasters the environment and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

My first fight Free Essays

I was a ferocious lion. I lost my temper uncontrollably. Nathan was bleeding incessantly from his nose. We will write a custom essay sample on My first fight or any similar topic only for you Order Now Blood imputed on my right knee and my left hand. The entire playground stood motionless. I could perceive each and every person looking at me with sheer admiration. They gazed at me like I was a lion and Nathan was a gazelle, regardless of Nathan being virtually twice my stature. I can still remember the events of my first fight as if they took place yesterday. I was pushed in to taking part in such an abhorrent incident on the first day of primary school during my first six months in the country. My uncle revealed to me that the reason that I had not begun school immediately was because my family arrived to the country halfway through the academic year. My family and I had just started to settle down in the country, adapting to the weather and the environment when my parents wounded me with the news that they had found me a school to grace with my presence. Endeavouring to learn a new language was demanding enough, let alone new children, teachers and books all of whom spoke a different language. The majority of the children in my class had all attended the nursery and infants before entering primary school. Therefore, I did not share, or relate to the experiences they shared together, like playing with the sand building castles, competing in various skipping games, riding on bicycles, drinking milk in the afternoons and having much fun with the paint. As a result, I felt disconcerted by so many questions rushing through my head. Was I going to be accepted into one of or any of these groups of eight year olds? Was I going to be the only one without a partner when doing paired work? Was I going to be the only one sitting unaccompanied in the dining hall? Unfortunately, the events that took place aggravated me more than I expected. On the first day when the teacher was introducing me to the class, I felt so unbefitting and mortified when she publicized I had just arrived from another country. There was that split-second when some of the children looked at me like I was an outsider, an alien. Voices were whispering from each corner of the room â€Å"who is he?† I felt isolated, remote, and would never have contemplated that after two days their thoughts would be on the contrary. After being introduced to the class by my teacher, Ms fielding introduced me to Carl, who would accompany me for the day. She then seated the pair of us on a table with two other children Nathan and David. It was time for literacy hour and everyone had to write about what they accomplished over the half-term break. As my skills were not to the standard of the other children, I decided to have a peak at what the others were writing about. To my amazement, nobody actually seemed to be doing any work apart from Carl, who later spent the majority of the morning session at the toilet. Meanwhile, David decided to smell a mixture of pens, which to this day I think is very peculiar. Nathan had written down the title â€Å"My First Fight†, but then started to doodle on a spotless new table. David brought his sniffing to a standstill and began a conversation with Nathan about football. The rest of the class were having extremely noisy conversations, in contempt of the teacher’s n umerous shrieks to bring the noise to an end. It seemed that she had absolutely no control over people a third of her age. Nevertheless, there was one person who had an immense effect on the class, Mrs Fassal, the deputy-head teacher. The second she walked in the class was so quiet a pin drop could be heard. As she walked in she had a quick glance around the classroom and she became aware of the vandalising offence Nathan had committed. She bellowed at our table asking â€Å"Who did it?† There was a slight pause. The whole class was listening as if they were an audience to a verdict. Mrs Fassal shouted again, â€Å"Who did it?† â€Å"The new boy did it Mrs Fassal†, Nathan alleged. â€Å"Yeah, the new boy did it Mrs Fassal†. David accused. â€Å"And you Carl, did you see anything?† â€Å"No Miss, I was at the toilet† Carl replied. I felt trapped like a wild animal in a cage big enough only for a mouse. I was so infuriated with Nathan’s spitefulness, blaming me for his relentless vandalising acts. Nonetheless, I had a feeling that soon, very soon, Nathan would pay for his horrendous accusations. Mrs Fassal would not listen to any of my cries for help. However, she kept me back at morning break and yelled at me so loud, Carl later said he heard her in a playground full of screaming children. After morning break, I remained with Mrs Fassal until lunchtime, but I was sanctioned to have my lunch break. As Carl was my escort for the day, he invited me to play a game of football with him and his friends. Nevertheless, some of Carl’s acquaintances particularly Nathan, seemed uptight on the subject of allowing me to engage in recreation. I was not perturbed in the slightest way, even so Carl managed to persuade them for me to join the game. During the first five minutes of the game, I did not touch the ball, instead I decided to see how everyone played. It emerged that Nathan was physically the biggest in comparison to the other boys and was using this to his advantage. I noticed that all Nathan was doing was jostling anyone that came near him, or whenever he wanted the ball. None of the players seemed to confront Nathan or show any sign of discomfort. Instead, they gave out the impression they were frightened Nathan would hurt them if they showed any sign of discomposure. Throughout my observation of the game, unexpectedly the ball arrived at my feet. Nathan was scampering towards me. We all knew what he was out to do. He had that look on his face like a tiger just about to take down his prey. Passing the ball was not an option, it was a game of knockouts, and it was everyman for himself. There were two options available to me, either to be clamped down and fall to the ground, or move out the way as soon as he lunged at me. I felt like a gazelle being run at by a lion. It was a split-second decision, so I decided to kick the ball to the left and spin around to the right as soon as he lunged at me. He fell to the ground as if he had been shot in the back. The entire playground stood in total and complete amazement. Nathan was a raging bull. He went on his knees and tilted his head up with a fuming look, as though he was about to eradicate someone. I warned him and said â€Å"No fighting, fighting no good† however I knew he was going to take no notice. He roared like a lion and charged at me like a rampant bull. As Nathan tried to rugby tackle me I seized him in a headlock and kneed him in the face continuously. Fortunately, for Nathan we were detached by Mr Chiriste, the school keeper. All the anger Nathan had caused me earlier, all the fury, all the upset, in addition to me being yelled at until I nearly cried was released in those few seconds. Thankfully I did not get into a great deal of trouble despite the fact I caused Nathan to bleed. The majority of the children in the playground backed me up by saying Nathan started the fight and I fought in self-defence. The chance of me losing my temper was as likely as Mike Tyson not losing his after being slapped in the face. Even at the tender age of eight, I never lost my temper unless exceedingly provoked. It is almost impossible to imagine what it takes for such a tranquil eight year old to reach that point of anger. On that particular Wednesday, that level of anger was caused by Nathan Tyler, and he paid the price for his actions. Looking back on my first fight, I think it is quite comical why I became so discoloured over such a minor incident. If I was in Nathan’s situation I would have almost certainly preferred to blame the new boy, rather than face a monster like Mrs Fassal. Nevertheless, the thought of eight year olds making each other bleed is quite frightening. How to cite My first fight, Papers

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Thomas Edison Essays (539 words) - Thomas Edison, Deists

Thomas Edison Thomas Alva Edison was one of the greatest inventors. He was a smart man. Thomas invented many things such as the light bulb and phonograph. Without the light bulb we would still be using candles and lanterns like they did many years ago. Although Thomas was deaf he worked hard and never gave up. Thomas Alva Edison was born on February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. He had many family members. He had a father named Samuel Odgen Edison and a mother named Nancy Elliott Edison. Thomas' mother pulled him from school because Thomas' teacher called him a "retard." Nancy Edison taught her son at home. Thomas has six siblings and he was the youngest child in the Edison family. Thomas was interested in many things as a child. At age twelve Thomas got a job at the Grand Trunk Railroad. While working at Grand Trunk Railroad Thomas was a typesetter, press operator, editor, and publisher of his very own newspaper called the "Herald." Thomas got his news for his newspaper from telegraphers at other train stations. Thomas liked many things, but mathematics was not one of them. He enjoyed reading books about science and philosophy. His favorite book ever was Isaac Newtown's Principia Mathematica. Thomas was interested in inventing the light bulb. Thomas was a scientist as a kid. He like to test many things. When he was young he built a laboratory in the family's basement. Thomas did experiments he found in science books and got jars and chemicals for experiments from local shopkeepers. Thomas also used a spare train car for another laboratory. Thomas studied books on mechanics, manufacturing, and chemistry at the public library. He spent a long time studying Newtown's Principles. He also read lots of books such as Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Hume's History of England, Sear's History of the World, Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy, and The Dictoinaries of Sciences. Thomas Edison invented the light bulb. In October of 1879 Edison patented his incandescent lamp. Edison and his team made a new vacuum pump to make better vacuums in glass light bulbs. It was better known as the "glow bulb." Thomas' second attempt at the glow bulb successfully lit for forty hours. On New Year's Eve Edison lit up Menlo Park with thirty glow bulbs. Electricity would replace gas for lighting purposes. The light bulb gives off light so that we can see with out lanterns and candles. The Edison Lamp Company produced 1,000 light bulbs a day. It has improved since it's original version. In 1880, Edison invented the incandescent lamp. In the year 1910, Tungsten filament was discovered giving off white light instead of yellow light. In 1925, lamps were given an inside frosting that had a fine spray of hydrofluoric acid. In the late 19th century, florescent lamps were invented. They are tubes filled with low-pressure neon gas. Thomas Edison invented many things we still used today. I think the light bulb was the greatest invention because it is hard to see with out light bulbs. Without the light bulb we would not be able to have night ball games or light shows. It is a good thing Thomas Edison invented the light bulb. Bibliography 1. "Edison, Thomas." Compton's Encylopedia. 1990 ed. vol. 7, p.72-76 2. Ellis, Keith. Thomas Edison, Genius of Electricity. Great Britain: Priory Press Limited, 1974 3. Parker, Steve. Thomas Edison and Electricity. Great Britain: Belitha Press Limited, 1992